Ebenezer Baptist Church
Located within Atlanta's Sweet Auburn district, the reputed cradle of the civil rights movement, Ebenezer Baptist Church was the home church of Martin Luther King Jr. and arguably the movement's spiritual hub.
Ebenezer was founded in 1886, in a small structure on Airline Street. John A. Parker, who had been born
Williams, an important figure in the struggle for racial equality in Atlanta, was a charter member of the Atlanta chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and served the organization from 1894 until his death in 1931. He led black registration and voting drives and played a pivotal role in integrating the Atlanta police force.
Martin Luther King Sr., who married Williams's daughter,
Following his son's death, King Sr. copastored Ebenezer with his younger son, Alfred Daniel Williams King, who died unexpectedly in 1969. Otis Moss became Ebenezer's third copastor, serving through 1971.
On Sunday, June 30, 1974, Ebenezer members again experienced tragedy when Marcus Chenault, a black college student from Dayton, Ohio, fatally shot church organist Alberta Williams King and deacon Edward Boykin.
Roberts announced his retirement in 2004, and in October 2005 Raphael Gamaliel Warnock, a native of Savannah and graduate of Morehouse College, delivered his first sermon as Ebenezer's new senior pastor.
Charles Johnson and Bob Adelman, King: The Photobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr. (New York: Viking, 2000).
William Roger Witherspoon, Martin Luther King, Jr.: To the Mountaintop (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1985).
Greg Freeman, Southern Edition
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