Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil
The impact of Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil on Savannah has been greater than that of any other book in the city's history.
Author John Berendt was born in 1939 and grew up in Syracuse, New York; attended Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts, where he wrote and edited for the Harvard Lampoon; and was an associate editor at Esquire and editor of New York magazine before moving to Savannah in 1985 to research Midnight in the Garden. He took an apartment and for eight years lived off and on in the city, interviewing locals and gathering material.
The book is constructed loosely around the shooting of male hustler Danny Hansford by internationally known antiques dealer Jim Williams in May 1981 and the subsequent four murder trials that lasted more than eight years. Williams was finally acquitted, but the main interest of the story for many readers has been the wealth of exquisitely drawn incidental characters from every level of society and the artfully woven anecdotes that create a tapestry of Savannah.
Among memorable Savannahians depicted are singer/pianist Emma Kelly, "The Lady of 6,000 Songs" (so dubbed by Savannah songwriter Johnny Mercer); Joe Odom, a southern gentleman/lawyer who covers his bad checks with charm; an inventor (named Luther Driggers in the book) who possesses a vial of poison strong enough to kill the whole city if it were to infiltrate the water supply; Minerva, the Lowcountry "root doctor" who works spells for Jim Williams; Sonny Seiler, Williams's defense attorney and owner of Uga, the University of Georgia's renowned mascot; and The Lady Chablis, a drag queen who gleefully crashes an annual African American debutante ball.
Reviews of the book almost unanimously praised the quality of the writing. The Savannah Morning News called it "a compelling, mordbidly fascinating, beautifully written book," though the reviewer found the profusion of characters and anecdotes—however masterfully rendered—"overwhelming and overindulgent." The same reviewer also lamented
The Washington Post described Midnight in the Garden as "one of the most unusual books to come this way in a long time, and one of the best," and the Los Angeles Times claimed that Berendt "seems congenitally unable to write a dull paragraph." Of Berendt's portrayal of Savannah, Newsweek stated, "Few cities have been introduced more seductively." The New York Times Book Review agreed: "Mr. Berendt's writing is elegant and wickedly funny, and his eye for telling details is superb. . . . Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil might be the first true crime book that makes the reader want to call a travel agent and book a bed and breakfast for an extended weekend at the scene of the crime."
Tourists from all over the world have done just that, dispelling unequivocally a Savannah Morning News columnist's early skepticism. Hotel-motel tax revenues rose about twenty-five percent in the two years following publication of the book, and cottage industries related to Midnight in the Garden sprang up like morning glories: trolley tours of the main sites; candles in the shape of the Bird Girl (photographed by Jack Leigh for the dust jacket); T-shirts, mugs, postcards, a newsletter, even a gift shop devoted specifically to Midnightabilia. On April 22, 1996, the Savannah Economic Development Authority honored Berendt with a special award, and Mayor Floyd Adams declared April 26 of that year "John Berendt Day."
The book won the Southern Book Award and was a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize in nonfiction, but without doubt its most significant achievement was the record number of weeks (216) it spent on the New York Times best-seller list. It also spawned a jazz concert based on Johnny Mercer songs, which toured the country in 1996, an eight-episode series on This Old House in 1996, and a two-hour A&E documentary titled Midnight in Savannah in 1997.
Warner Brothers bought the rights to the book, and John Lee Hancock wrote the script for the film. He showed it to Clint Eastwood,
Savannahians filled many minor roles and rounded out crowd and party scenes. Eastwood made good use of the tree-lined streets and historic squares, and several scenes were shot at Mercer House itself (Williams's mansion, built in the 1860s by Hugh W. Mercer, Johnny Mercer's grat-grandfather). The movie premiered in Savannah at the Johnny Mercer Theater on November 20, 1997, with Kevin Spacey, Paul Hipp, The Lady Chablis, and local actors attending, and it opened nationwide the following day.
Reviews of the movie were generally lukewarm. Roger Ebert, after commending Eastwood's "determined attempt to be faithful to the book's spirit" and conceding "something ineffable is lost just by turning on the camera," concluded that "the movie never reached takeoff speed."
Fortunately, the A&E documentary Midnight in Savannah, originally aired at the time of the movie's release, succeeds resoundingly in portraying the city, the book, and its impact.
Susan Sully, Savannah Style: Mystery and Manners, photographs by Steven Brooke, foreword by John Berendt (New York: Rizzoli, 2001).
Midnight in Savannah, A&E Television Networks, 1997, cat. no. AAE-17037, film.
This Old House, Savannah, Georgia, programs 1519-1526, WGBH, Boston, video.
Carl Solana Weeks, Savannah
A project of the Georgia Humanities Council, in partnership with the University of Georgia Press, the University System of Georgia/GALILEO, and the Office of the Governor.